Architecture is the art and technique of designing and building, as distinguished from the skills associated with construction. It is both the process and the product of sketching, conceiving, planning, designing, and constructing buildings or other structures
While artists work from real to the abstract, architects must work from the abstract to the real. Architecture, beneath all its limitations of engineering, safety, function, climate and economy, arouse us with designs in space and light achieved in the abstract.
Architecture is a passion, a vocation, a calling — as well as a science and a business. It has been described as a social art and also an artful science. Architecture must be of the highest quality of design. Architecture provides, in the words of Marcus Vitruvius, the great Roman architect and historian, “firmness, commodity and delight.
Iconic Buildings around the world
Falling Waters By Frank Loyd Wright
The design of the iconic house was inspired by Japanese architecture which is famous for using cantilevers. The house, which was ideally incorporated into the natural landscape, was created as a weekend getaway for the Kaufmann family.
The house’s condition started to deteriorate quickly after construction that Mr. Kaufman called the ‘seven-buckets building’, referring to the leaky roof. Moreover, the cantilevered terraces started to fall off due to the lack of proper reinforcement. The house underwent revamp several times and was converted into a museum in 2002.
The Guggenheim Museum (Frank Lloyd Wright, New York, USA, 1959)
The great architect marketed the concept of organic architecture which envisioned humanity being intimately linked to the environment. The cone-shaped museum comprises many key galleries and art collections.
The spirally designed interior takes you on an endless journey dissolving all obstacles between spaces. The rigid geometric shapes that were dominant in Modern architecture were described by Wright, who says: “these geometric forms suggest certain human ideas, moods, sentiments – as for instance: the circle, infinity; the triangle, structural unity; the spiral, organic progress; the square, integrity.” Wright saw the Guggenheim as a ‘temple of the spirit’.
Sagrada, Antoni Gaudi
The Sagrada is often cited as the oldest construction project that's still ongoing. Work started on Antoni Gaudí's basilica in 1882, over 130 years later it's still unfinished. It was most recently slated for completion for 2026, although that looks set to be pushed back again. When it's finally completed, the construction will have lasted only a few decades less than the Great Wall of China. Even in its unfinished state, it's a joy to behold thanks to its extravagant mix of architectural styles, almost liquid-like spires, ornate facades, ornamental arches and vivid stained glass.
Designed by architecture practice BIG, CopenHill is a waste-to-energy plant in Copenhagen that is topped with an artificial ski slope.
The plant is 10 storeys tall and houses administrative space and a large education centre. It was clad in aluminium bricks that surround glazed panels that naturally illuminate the interior.
The Danish press recently speculated that the ski slope would permanently close due to the deterioration of its skiing surface, but the rumours were squashed by operator Amager Bakke.
The Heydar Aliyev Center Zaha Hadid
The Heydar Aliyev Center is one of the most famous buildings designed by the celebrated Iraqi-British architect Zaha Hadid. Located in Baku, Azerbaijan, it was completed in 2012 and was acclaimed for its distinctive flowing lines and lack of sharp angles. Zaha Hadid Architects was awarded the commission following a competition in 2007. On the firm's website(opens in new tab), it explains the motivation behind the design: "The Center... breaks from the rigid and often monumental Soviet architecture that is so prevalent in Baku, aspiring instead to express the... optimism of a nation that looks to the future."
Empire State Building ,William Lamb
We couldn't put together a list of world-famous buildings without including this grand Art Deco skyscraper. Once the tallest building in the world, the Empire State was built in just 410 days, with work starting on St Patrick's Day 1930. The building was designed by William F Lamb of architectural firm Shreve, Lamb and Harmon. It was declared by the American Society of Civil Engineers to be one of the Seven Wonders of the Modern World and is known as an icon of New York City.
We are going to be appreciating the world of design and architecture. Students are going to first research and create a Archetect profile showcasing their work and some interesting facts. From this research student will find a high resolution photograph of a building, facade or interior of the architect to make an architectural drawing of. What is an architectural drawing An architectural drawing is an illustration of a building or structure that an architect creates in the design process.
Using photoshop student will take a high quality photo that highlights some aspect of the architectural design and we will draw it. Using the Pencil brushes students will play around with line quality to help illustrate important details. Students will record as much as possible using only line. AS there drawing are of buildings craftsmanship and legibility is a huge component of this project.